I really do not get it. Why would the Minister of Education propose the most simplistic possible plan of the reduction of required first-year university credits to 30 out of 60 to reduce student stress?
I try to let this sink in my brain quietly, but even two days later, I find myself outside running and wondering how Robbert Dijkgraaf, a scientist himself who supposedly relies on data, comes up with such a black and white plan for a very complex issue. What – if any – scientific grounds is this decision based on? Did someone at the ministry critically synthesise research evidence about academic success and stress? Did the minister receive advice from professors of educational sciences and study advisors?
Imagine setting a goal to run a marathon – it was still 42.19 km last time I checked, which is why I will probably never attempt it in this lifetime – but your training consists of merely short runs. No matter how much rest you get, you won’t be able to run a marathon. You simply need to get your kilometres in. You also need to work on your muscle strength, nutrition, and technique, just to name a few of the factors that might determine your success in crossing the finishing line. You get where this is going.
Fewer credits in the first year will mean worse education, and an increase in the chances of dropping out in the second and third years
Fewer credits, more rest, less stress. As simple as that. Except that it is not, just like training to run a marathon isn’t. First-year students struggle to transition from high school to university, living on their own, and working part-time to pay tuition, which inevitably leads to a poor work-life balance. Not to mention how higher education feels like capitalism on steroids and mental health issues are currently having the time of their lives.
So let me be clear: I do not believe that more credits necessarily mean better education, just as not all kilometres are productive when training for a marathon. Some are literally junk. But I do believe that fewer credits in the first year will mean worse education, and an increase in the chances of dropping out in the second and third years (which would be unethical, to say the least), precisely because students will be both unprepared and too late to realise that specific programmes of study are not suited to them.
Now, imagine if money was invested into student housing or subsidies for students in financial need to pay their tuition fees. Wouldn’t that mean that students would have to work fewer hours, which would mean more rest in decent housing? Maybe. Who knows what students do when they are not in class?
Lowering the bar is nothing but another quick patch, and a short-sighted approach to addressing the symptom instead of the larger issue: the performance-driven system of the neoliberal university with profit-making at the centre is leaving students (and teachers) running on empty.
“The stress arises due to a significantly lower level of resilience.”
I’d love to see some scientific research that backs up your theory :)
For some empirical research on resilience in younger generations: “Gen Z during the COVID-19 crisis: a comparative analysis of the differences between Gen Z and Gen X in resilience, values and attitudes”. Plenty has been published in recent years. Again, I ‘blame’ modern parents and administrators for not providing our younger generations the education and care they need.
Secondly: I’m obviously not aware what you think/know about stress mechanisms, but it is quite well known that resilience is an important variable in the “equation” for stress. Hence, given the fact that education has become worse and less challenging, and resilience is lower among the students as well, then it stands to reason that the students’ perceived stress cannot be explained by the bar of the educational system (as in academic bar). We need research on how we are teaching our children the important skills they need to succeed in life; lowering the bar will only speed up the erosion of quality and does not fundamentally solve the origin of coping with stress (lack thereof).
Yep, fully agree. It seems our minister has fallen into the trap of listening too much to lobby groups whose narrative is one of victimhood; students are facing “more pressure than ever”, which given the facts is simply untrue. The stress arises due to a significantly lower level of resilience. That’s not their fault – they trust society to make them go through a system which prepares them for adulthood. Unfortunately, rather than setting the bar and helping young kids and adolescents overcome (psychological) barriers, we have decided to go down the route of shifting the burden: we accept mass exam training in highschool, we promote remedial teaching organized outside schools (which by the way advantages those who have money) and we don’t dare confront our kids anymore (just give them their smartphone and tablet already, so they don’t cry so much for attention).
Kids don’t know what’s good for them, that’s our job as society. It takes a village to raise a kid.